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Saint-Bernard breed

NameSaint Bernard
Country of originSwitzerland
Classification:FCI group 2, standard no. 61
Occurrence:Approximately 600 animals in Switzerland, not a very common breed, average number of puppy entries per year: 100.
Instep heightDogs at least 70 cm, bitches at least 65 cm
WeightDogs 75 to 85 kg, bitches 50 to 70 kg
CoatLong and shorthaired
CouleurColour: Primary colour white, with reddish brown plate-like splashes of varying size (splash coat) or even a constant reddish brown upper coat on the back and flanks (mantle coat)
Short-hair varietyUpper coat thick, smooth, close-fitting and dense with lots of ground fur.
Long-hair varietyMid-long, straight upper coat with lots of ground fur. Regular grooming is essential.
Life expectancyAn average of 8 years
PersonalityGenerally friendly, temperament ranging from quiet to lively, alert, slightly independent.
ExerciseAn hour-long walk each day as well as freedom to move about in and around the house.
TrainingThe Saint Bernard is primarily a family pet but can be suited to sport and dog-cart pulling depending on its build.
Type of ownerA Saint Bernard needs contact with a family. Its owner must have plenty of time to devote to the dog.
ObservationsThe Saint Bernard has been the Swiss national dog since 1884.

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The dogs were adopted as companion dogs and above all as rescue dogs for travellers who lost their way in the snow and mist.

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